Ophthalmologist/EYE Center

There Are Different Kinds of Eye Specialists Both optometrists and ophthalmologists offer complete eye exams. You can choose a specialist based on the extent of your problem.
Optometrists
They are licensed eye specialists who can check your vision, prescribe glasses or contact lenses, and treat most eye problems. If you need specialized testing or eye surgery, they will refer you to an ophthalmologist.

Ophthalmologist
They are medical doctors. Like optometrists, they check your vision, prescribe glasses or contact lenses, and treat eye problems. They can also perform eye surgery.

Opticians
Opticians fill prescriptions for eyeglasses, including assembling, fitting and selling them. Some opticians also sell contact lenses.

What happens during an Eye Exam?
1. Measure how clearly each eye sees. You will be asked to read letters or numbers on a vision chart.
2. Test depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, and the way your pupils respond to light.
3. Determine your prescription for glasses.
4. Check your eye health using two kinds of eye drops. One drop helps the doctor check the pressures inside the eyes to check for glaucoma. The other drop dilates the pupils and allows the doctor to get a wide view of the back of the eyes to check for eye problems. After your pupils have been dilated your eyes will be blurred for up to 6 hrs. Do not drive a car, and have someone bring you to the eye exam.
5. Check the eyelids, cornea, membrane around the inner surface of the eyelid and white part of the eyeball, and eye tissues using bright light and magnification.


Eye Exams Help Protect
1. Your Vision
     Routine eye exams are an important part of health care since many eye and vision problems have no clear signs or symptoms. Routine exams allow you to detect problems early, which makes them easier to treat. This may help delay or even prevent poor vision and vision loss.
Eye Exams Can Detect Conditions Like:
     2. Near s ightednes s (myopia) and Far s ightednes s (hyperopia)
The length of the eyeball and the curving of the front of the eye (the cornea) can affect the way light enters the eye. This may cause objects to appear blurry. Both of these conditions can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery.
3. Glaucoma
     This eye disease damages the optic nerve in the back of the eye and can lead to blindness. If detected early, glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser treatment, or surgery.
4. Cataract s
     This condition occurs when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, blocking the passage of light to the back of the eye. Cataracts are one of the leading causes of blindness in the world but can be treated with surgery.
5. Diabetic Eye Problems
     Some people with diabetes may develop changes in the tissue in the back of the eye (the retina) when their blood sugar is not well controlled. Blood vessels in the retina may leak fluid and/or cause blindness. If caught early, these changes may be lessened with proper treatment.
6. Pterygium
     An abnormal triangular fold of tissue in the inner corner of the eye that obstructs the vision by growing over the cornea. It can be treated with eye drops or surgery.

How Often Should Adults Go For Eye Exams?
Most adults should visit an eye specialist every 1 to 2 years.
Age
     16-60 Every Two Years
     61-older – Every Years

However, people with health concerns should have eye exams more frequently. Ask your doctor how often you should go for an eye exam if you:
     » Have diabetes, hypertension, or a family history of eye disease
     » Have jobs that can be hazardous to the eye
     » Take drugs with visual side effects
     » Wear contact lenses
     » Have had eye surgery
     » Have other health concerns


Our PPH Ophthamologists operate on:
Cataracts
Pterygium
Retinal tears
We also do Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy


In preparation for your visit: bring your glasses or contact lenses, a list of the oral medications and prescription eye drops that you are using.


Cataracts
A cloudiness in the lens of the eye that decreases vision and leads to blindness.

Symptoms of Cataracts:
     - Gradual painless blurry vision
     - Poor central vision & in sunlight
     - Frequent changes in prescription
     - changes in color vision
     - Milky whiteness in pupil

Pterygium
An abnormal triangular fold of tissue in the inner cornre of the eye that obstructs the vision by growing over the cornea. It can be treated with eye drops or surgery.

Pterygium Excision is a procedure to peel off the mass of tissue from your eye.

Diabetic Retinopathy
Most common diabetic eye disease: is when the blood vessels in the retina change, i.e. swell, leak fluid or close off, but then new abnormal blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. This usually affects both eyes and sometimes cannot be reversed.

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